By: Roohi Iqbal Shawl
Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting millions of people around the world. Every year, 14th November is celebrated as World Diabetic Day where millions of people are tested for blood sugar level. Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level increases in the blood, due to low insulin. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it's 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes Indians have the highest number of diabetic patients due to the eating habits of the people.
They are fond of eating sweets. China stands second. Although there is no permanent treatment for diabetes, it can be controlled by exercise and diet. A 40 minute walk with dietary modification is the treatment for type 2 diabetes. Carbohydrates are to be restricted like rice, potatoes, and refined foods like flour. Processed fruits should be avoided such as applesauce and fruit juices along with donuts, pastry, cakes and sweets. Foods to be included are brown rice, pulses and fruits like apple, guava, pear, orange, and all types of berries. High fiber veggies like green leafy vegetables, eggplant and peppers should be included in the diet. A diabetic patient should avoid dates. Bitter gourd is very beneficial for diabetes patients.