Articles > Roohi Iqbal Shawl

What is Obesity, its Causes and Treatment

By Roohi Iqbal Shawl


Obesity is a condition in which the body accumulates excessive amount of fat which affects the functioning of the body  organs. The main cause of obesity is due to overeating. Overweight is a condition in which a person is weighing slightly more than his body weight.   When our body weight is more than 10% then we are overweight. When it exceeds more than that we are said to be OBESE. A person is considered to be  morbid obese when he is more than 50% of the weight that means if he should weight 60kgs, he is 90kgs.

There are many causes that are responsible for obesity. They are:

  1. Genetics
  2. Type of food eaten
  3. Frequency of food
  4. Exercise
  5. Metabolism
  6. Psychological disorders

There is a common notion that if the parents are obese,  then the children born to them are obese too. The children have fat cells in their body which increase and decrease in size, so they need to be careful about the food and the type of food they eat throughout their life.

Obese person needs to avoid fried, sugary and greasy food. They should avoid processed foods, juices, sweets and refined foods. Pastries, donuts, cakes should be off the table. They should drink 2 at least 2 liters of water depending on the weather. They need to focus on raw fruits and vegetables. The amount of gap between the two meals should be considered. It has been seen that most of the people put up weight at the time of watching television as they grasp up junk food without being aware what they are eating. So BE AWARE!!

If a person is obese and needs to lose weight, first and foremost thing is to have will power. We don’t need to skip food especially breakfast. It is the important meal of the day so make sure that we take a healthy breakfast of proteins. Breakfast is important because we are fasting for 6-8 hours, so our body needs a kick for the day. Never exercise in the morning without eating anything. Have a control on your portion and include fruits and veggies in your diet.

Some people have slow metabolism which means that they burn the calories slowly and tend to put up weight, while as some have fast metabolism, they eat everything but do not put weight.  Some of the people are obese if they suffer from depression or any other psychological disorders.

Obesity is the disease of all diseases. It is the main cause of all other problems like blood pressure, diabetes and heart problems. Make exercise a part of your life.